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Basalt Fibers 
3D Fiberglass Fabric | Texturized Yarn | S-Glass Materials | Silicone Fiberglass Fabric |  Basalt Fibers
Carbon Fiber | Multiaxial Fabric

 Basalt fiber is similar to carbon fiber and fiberglass, but basalt has better mechanical properties than fiberglass and is lower in cost than carbon fiber. It is used as a fireproof textile in the aerospace and automotive industries and can also be used as a composite to produce a wide range of products

Features
  1. High strength and high modulus fiber
  2. Excellent shock resistance - good for ballistic applications
  3. Low cost alternative and can replace carbon fiber in some applications including filament winding
  4. High temperature resistance and good light resistance
  5. Good fatigue and corrosion resistance properties
  6. No need for special processing equipment
  7. Easy to handle and process
  8. Environment friendly. Basalt-reinforced composites can meet OEM's disposal requirements because complete disposal by incineration is possible. Huge contamination issues are often caused by incinerating glass fiber composites.
  9. Can be recycled
  10. Exhibit no health and safety risks
  11. Compatible with many resins - unsaturated polyester, vinyl ester, epoxy, phenolic, etc.
  12. Better chemical resistance than e-glass
Chemical Components Percentage by Mass
SiO2 51.6 - 59.3
Al2O3 14.6 - 18.3
CaO 5.9 - 9.4
MgO 3.0 - 5.3
Na2O + K2O 3.6 - 5.2
TiO2 0.8 - 2.25
Fe2O3 + FeO 9.0 - 14.0
Others 0.09 - 0.13

Products

  •  Basalt Cloth and Unidirectional
  •  Roving and Yarn
  •  Chopped Strands
  •  Chopped Strand Mat, Needled Felts and Geogrids
Applications
  •  Filament winding of pipes, tanks and cylinders
  •  Reinforced plastics
  •  Chopped fibers for SMC, BMC and DMC Woven fabrics, mesh, and geogrids
Comparative technical index between
basalt fibers & the other fibers
Properties Continuous Basalt E-Glass S-Glass Carbon Aramid
Density (g/cm³) 2.63 - 2.8 2.54 - 2.57 2.54 1.78 1.45
Tensile Strength (MPa) 4100 - 4840 3100 - 3800 4020 - 4650 3500 - 6000 2900 - 3400
Elastic Modulus (GPa) 93.1 - 110 72.5 - 75.5 83 - 86 230 - 600 70 - 140
Elongation at break 3.1 4.7 5.3 1.5 - 2.0 2.8 - 3.6
Maximum Service Temperature°C 650 380 300 500 250
Basalt Fiber Technical Index
Properties Index Value
Thero-Physical Property
Work temperature °C -269 - 700°C
Bind temperature °C 1050°C
Thermal-conductivity coefficience (w/m° K) 0.03 - 0.038
Tensile strength after heat treatment (%)
20°C 100
200°C 95
400°C 82
Chemical stability (loss weight after 3 hours boiled(%))
2N HCl 2.2
2N NaOH 6.0
H2O 0.2
      Continuous Basalt Fiber Roving   [Jump to Top]

Continuous Basalt roving is made of a bundle of parallel strands without twisting.

  • Tensile strength of the roving 6-13μ is ≥ 0.6N/Tex
  • Elastic modulus is ≥ 91GPa
  • Elongation at break ≥ 3.1%
  • High temperature and light resistance.

It is an inorganic fiber which can be used as a ballistics and protection material. It has an explosive prevention function which when used with ballistic materials is useful when there is an explosive blast.

Also there is no bounce, no spalling, no second execution fracture function, which is useful when used as a base material of a ceramic facing armouring system.

Basalt Roving
Above - basalt roving
Fields of application
  •  Filament-winding of various pipes, tanks and cylinders
  •  Various woven rovings, mesh fabrics and geotextiles
  •  Repair (healing) and strengthening of infrastructures
  •  Chopped fibers for heat resistant SMC, BMC and DMC
  •  Reinformationrced plastics
Examples of application
  •  Continuous basalt roving of 1200tex and 2400tex are preferred for making mesh fabrics, geogrids and base cloth for high-temperature filtration needled felts, which can be reliably used for temperatures from -260°C to 650°C; which has the stable handling property.
  •  Continuous basalt roving of 4800tex and 2400tex is preferred for filament-winding of pipes and tanks resistant to high-temperature, super low-temperature, chemical corrosion and high-pressure.
  •  Hybrid use with carbon fiber to filament-wind LPG and natural gas tanks
  •  Heat shields for tank gun tubes, gun turrets etc.
Specifications
Product No Diameter (µm) Tex Linear Sizing Sizing Content (%) Moisture (%)
CBF7-400 7 400 ± 20 Silane ≤ 0.04 < 0.01
CBF9-800 9 800 ± 40 Silane ≤ 0.04 < 0.01
CBF13-800 13 800 ± 40 Silane ≤ 0.04 < 0.01
CBF13-1200 13 1200 ± 60 Silane ≤ 0.04 < 0.01
 
     Continuous Basalt Fiber Textile Yarn  [Jump to Top]
Basalt Yarn

Continuous basalt textile yarn is made of multiple basalt strands by primary twisting (usually the filament diameter is under 9μm).

Continuous basalt textile yarns can be divided into weaving yarns and industrial yarns, and weaving yarns are usually made into cylindrical or milk bottle shape packages.

Fields of application
  •  Fabrics and tapes resistant to acids, alkalis and high temperature
  •  Base cloth of needled felt
  •  Base cloth for electric insulation board
  •  Electric insulation yarns and threads
  •  Advanced heat-resistant and chemical resistant fabrics
  •  Advanced unsulation materials
  •  Unidirectional fabrics with high temperature resistance, high elastic modulus, and high strength
  •  After the special surface treatment, the yarn for weaving fabrics with radiation resistance and heat resistance at 650-980°C
Product No. Diameter (microns) Linear Density (tex) Tolerance (tex) Twist / m Sizing Type
CBF7-22 × 2-S68 7 45 ± 2% 68± 5 texfile
CBF6-12 × 4-S120 6 48 ± 2% 120± 5 texfile
CBF9-33 × 2-S68 9 66 ± 2% 68± 5 texfile
     Basalt Cloth & Unidirectional  [Jump to Top]
Basalt Fiber Cloth
Basalt plain weave cloth - now available at competitive prices!
Above - basalt plain weave cloth
Basalt Fiber Unidirectional Cloth
Basalt unidirectional weave cloth - now available at competitive prices!
Above - basalt unidirectional weave cloth

Basalt fiber fabrics are woven from continuous basalt yarn (diameter under 9µ) which can be custom-made to your needs. This fabric can handle temperatures of -260°C to 650°C. Different coatings can improve their properties including better flexibiliy, wearability, wave transparencies, water resistance, radiation resistance, thermo-shock resistance, chemical resistance and excellent temperature resistance (both high and low).

Continuous basalt fiber unidirectional fabric is a high performance engineering material with fibers of the fabric produced by GBF which are coated with sizes comparible with polyester, epoxy, phenolic and nylon resins, which improve the reinforcement effect of the basalt fiber unidirectional fabric.

Basalt fiber belongs to the silicate home and has the same thermal expansion coefficient, which makes it the best alternative to carbon fiber applied in the bridge, contruction reinforment and repair. Its BDRP & CFRP has outstanding comprehensive property and cost effectiveness.

Fields of Application - Fabrics
Base Cloth for:
  • CCL
  • Needled felt
  • Fireproof fabrics
  • Radiation-proof materials
  • Chemical resistant materials
  • Infrastructure repair and strengthening

They are particularly suitable for uses as awnings for anti-toxicity, anticorrosion, radiation - proof fire-proof purposes and for their equipment and facilities to be highly shielded.

Fields of Application - Unidirectional
  • The reinforcement & repair of the construction and bridge.
  • Radar cover, engine parts and radar lines.
  • The body of the armored vehicle, structural parts, wheels and sleevers.
  • Water ski, surfboard and surfing board.
Basalt fabric technical index
Product No. Diameter (µm) Area Weight (g/m²) Structure Thickness (mm) Width (mm) Strength force (N / (25mm × 200mm))
  Weft Warp
BW7-200 7 200 ± 20 Plain 0.18 1000 ≥ 1870 ≥ 1600
BW9-200 9 200 ±20 Twill 0.18 1000 ≥ 1870 ≥ 1600
BW13-330 13 330 ± 30 Satin 0.24 1000 ≥ 1870 ≥ 1600
BW13-650 13 650 ± 30 Plain 0.50 1000 ≥ 1870 ≥ 1600
BW13-900 13 900 ± 45 Plain 0.80 1000 ≥ 1870 ≥ 1600
Basalt fiber UD fabric technical index
Product No. Area Weight (g/m²) Diameter (μm) Tensile Strength (MPa) Modulus (GPa) Elogation (%) Thickness (mm)
BUF7-200 200 7 2100 91 2.6 0.111
BUF7-300 300 7 2100 91 2.6 0.170
BUF13-280 280 13 2100 91 2.6 0.111
BUF13-380 380 13 2100 91 2.6 0.170
    Continuous Basalt Fiber Chopped Strands  [Jump to Top]

Produced by cutting continuous basalt fiber and coated in silane sizing. Chopped strands are the best way to reinforce thermoplastic resin and reinforce concrete. Basalt chopped strands contains a special silicate, which gives it an excellent chemical resistance and an alkali tolerance. Basalt fiber chopped strands are the perfect material to take the place of PP & PAN to reinfoce cement and concrete to improve the stability, low-temperature crack and fatigue resistance.

Basalt chopped strands - now available at competitive prices!
Above: basalt chopped strands
Fields of Application
  • Reinforcement for thermoplastic resins, SMC, BMC and DMC
  • Reinforcement for automobile, train and ship hulls
  • Reinforcement for cement and concrete, used for dams in hydropower plants, cooling towers in thermal power plants, and steam pipelines in nuclear power plants
  • Heat resistant needled felts, automobile mufflers and heat insulation carpets for steel rolling
Basalt fiber chopped strands technical index
Product No. Diameter (µm) Length (mm) Sizing type Moisture content (%)
CBF13-6 13 6 Silane 0.1
CBF15-12 15 12 Hydrophilicity 6
CBF18-25 18 25 Lipophilicity 6
CBF22-70 22 70 Lipophilicity 6
    Other Basalt Products  [Jump to Top]
Other Basalt Products (click to downlaod)

Basalt Fiber Rebars
New - for concrete reinforcement.

Basalt Fiber Sheets
Made by pultrusion, 50 to 100mm width,  thickness 1.2 to 1.4mm, length 10 to 50m.

Basalt Fiber Fire-Proof Panel
in 3800 and 7600g/m2. Excellent performance under 1000°C.

Basalt Fiber Needled Felt
in 6mm to 25mm thickness. Ideal for high temperature resistance and filtration.

Basalt Fiber Surface Mat
in 30, 40, 50 and 100g/m2.

Basalt Fiber Reinforced Plastics (BFRP)
in rod form in 3, 6, 10 and 25mm diameters.

Basalt Chopped Strand Mat
in 150, 300 and 450g/m2.

Basalt Bulked Yarn
in 260, 400, 800 and 1200tex sizes.

Basalt Fiber Braid Sleeve
in 20, 50, 100 and 127mm diameters.

Basalt Fiber Sealing Ropes
2 to 50mm thickness.

Basalt Fiber Multi-Directional Fabric
in 0/90 degrees and 0/90 degrees +/- 45 degrees, 2 and 4 layers, 300, 450 and 600g/m2 weights.

Basalt 3-D Woven
in 1mm to 5mm thickness, 600 to 6000g/m2 weights.

Basalt Fiber 3-D Sandwich Fabric
in 2mm to 30mm thickness, 810 to 2820g/m2 weights.

Basalt Fiber Fireproof Fabric
Fireproof fabric, used in high temperature applications and for fire-proofing.

Basalt Geogrid
200 and 320g/m2.

 

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